Jan 11

What is Alveoloplasty?

Alveoloplasty is a common type of dental procedure involves the surgical smoothing and re-contouring of a patient’s jawbone ridge. The procedure is most often performed as either an element of tooth extraction or as a stand-alone procedure intended to prepare a patient for various types of denture construction. In most cases alveoloplasty is associated with reshaping the patient’s jawbone after teeth have been removed or lost due to some type of disease or injury.

The primary benefit of alveoloplasty with regard to tooth extraction is that it results in a more established jawbone shape. This facilitates the healing process. Conversely, when Alveoloplasty is performed in association with denture construction, its purpose is to optimize the patient’s jawbone (ridge) shape. This helps to reduce the chances of complications with regard to denture construction as well as improving stability, retention and overall patient comfort.

What to Expect after Tooth Extraction

Patients who have had routine tooth extractions will often have the extraction site evaluated for bone tissue quality and quantity as well as overall contour. This is usually done prior to the extraction site being closed by the treating dentist. There are a few reasons why this type of routine care is provided.

For example, once a tooth has been removed, the dentist must consider all options available with regard to how the tooth may ultimately be replaced. That said one of the key strategies regarding this type planning involves beneficial contouring of the jawbone in the area of the extraction.

Another reason that this kind of routine care is provided is to effectively leave a smooth and rounded bone surface for the patient. This helps to facilitate faster healing with a reduced likelihood of complications. The procedure is routine and safe and consistently enjoys a very high overall success rate.

Further, alveoloplasty is frequently employed as a suitable treatment with regard to patients who have had multiple extractions performed. For instance, when a consecutive number of multiple teeth are extracted Alveoloplasty is a very useful solution designed to return good functionality and improved outward appearance for the patient. If there are large areas that are void of teeth due to extraction, injury or illness the dentist is able to accurately identify irregularities in the ridge portion of the jaw. When a large section of teeth are missing, the dentist has greater access to the jaw area in order to evaluate and plan for corrective action.

Prior Planning can avoid the Necessity for Secondary Surgical Procedures

In being proactive a dentist is able to use evaluation and planning along with alveoloplasty to provide a patient with an extraction process with a more favorable outcome. Most importantly, staying proactive in this way will help to reduce the chances of having an additional and possibly more extensive surgical procedure performed at a later time.

Alveoloplasty and Dentures

Typically speaking, alveoloplasty should be part of any initial denture construction. The dentist is able to identify irregularities with the jawbone ridge that many ultimately end up interfering with partial or complete denture insertion. In addition, jawbone ridge irregularities may result in ongoing discomfort and denture stability issues for a patient. In other more extreme cases the patient may even have denture retention related issues. Alveoloplasty is quite often offered to a patient as a stand-alone procedure in order to prevent any future problems with dentures.

Further, dentures may cause irritation to the patient’s jaw anytime the jawbone is uneven or not smooth. In short, if there is a portion of the jawbone ridge that has protrusions, dentures may produce irritations. Alveoloplasty solves this problem in a highly effective way. Conversely, Alveoloplasty is frequently utilized to allow for a more secure and firm fit of dentures. One example of this is when there are concave areas or undercuts in the patient’s jawbone. This condition should be corrected so that dentures fit firmly and more securely.

Additional Situations That May Require Alveoloplasty

Along with the specific reasons already discussed as to when alveoloplasty may be required there are other situations where this type of procedure can help to improve a patient’s dental health. For example, if a patient has already had jawbone remodeling and it has not healed as anticipated, additional alveoloplasty may be required. This can be a naturally occurring event as there are simply times when there is no way to predict how the jaw will eventually heal.

Another situation where alveoloplasty may be beneficial to the patient is when teeth have been removed over a number of years in a sporadic fashion. The end result is that the shape of the ridge becomes irregular thus eventually requiring treatment. There are also situations where multiple separate Alveoloplasty procedures will result in the best possible outcome. This is often seen with naturally occurring skeletal or jawbone type irregularities or unanticipated lumps of bone that are detected on the hard palate or jaw.

In summation, bone recontouring procedures are highly successful at smoothing the jawbone. The procedure is most commonly used in areas where teeth have been removed or extracted. It may be performed both as a standalone treatment or done at the time that teeth are extracted. The main purpose of the procedure is to address residual jawbone ridges that can have certain types of irregularities such as concave undercuts or protrusions. The main objective of this type of procedure is to reshape the jawbone in such a way that it will accept a denture appliance more readily.

As a final note, this type of treatment is highly beneficial to patients simply because of the fact that it results in faster healing. This is especially true with regard to cancer patients who may require diseased teeth to be extracted prior to receiving radiation therapy in the neck or head region. Talk with your dental care provider to determine whether or not alveoloplasty is the right procedure for your unique dental needs.

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