After a tooth extraction, your dentist may want to perform ridge augmentation. This process is done if there is a chance the tooth may be replaced with an implant in the future to prevent jawbone deterioration. While rebuilding the original alveolar ridge is not medically necessary, it may be required for dental implant placement, or for aesthetics. Check the previous post for more information about different type of bone grafts.
Ridge augmentation is completed by placing graft material in the socket. Normally, it is done right when the tooth is removed, to avoid the need for a second procedure. Then, tissue is placed over the socket, and the socket is sutured. The procured is normally performed under local anesthesia.
Learn More About Dental Bone Grafting
Bone grafting has been around for a long time and is exceptionally useful when it comes to a wide range of dental treatments and procedures. Dental bone grafting is most frequently used for cases involving the eventual placement of dental implants. That said in many instances, bone grafting is only needed when there is a lack of jawbone sufficient to hold dental implants firmly in place.
A Lack Of Bone Mass In The Target Area
Because dental implants are placed or implanted directly into the jawbone, if there is a lack of bone mass in the target area, the implant procedure simply will not be possible. Further, if dental implants are placed where there is insufficient jawbone mass available, the implants themselves may become unstable making the entire procedure ineffective. There are some problems that can result in jaw bone mass and density being compromised. This is an important consideration because it is jawbone mass and density that is needed to naturally hold teeth firmly in place.
Gum Diseases That Can Also Contribute To Bone Loss
One example of a situation that can result in loss of jawbone mass and density is when a tooth is lost and not replaced. Simply leaving a space where a tooth once existed can result in gums receding and the body eventually re-absorbing some of the bone in that region of the jaw. Also, there are a variety of gum diseases that can also contribute to bone loss. Along with diseases, there are even natural cases where genetically speaking there is a lack of bone in the jaw of the patient. All of these cases are best treated with modern dental bone grafting.
Just One Type Of Bone Augmentation
Bone grafting can be used for dental purposes and can also be used for a wide range of other medical and cosmetic related surgeries. It should be noted that dental bone grafting is just one type of bone augmentation that is available today. Standard bone grafting consists of a procedure where a piece of bone is taken from another part of the patient’s body and then implanted where it is needed. In the case of dental implants, the bone implant is placed in a missing tooth’s empty socket. With the patient under local or general anesthesia, and oral surgeon will typically perform the procedure in an outpatient setting.
Synthetic Bone Or Bone-Derived From Animals
Note that when the patient’s bone is used that two separate surgical procedures are required. Conversely, when synthetic bone or bone-derived from animals is used, the procedure can be done in just one office visit. The actual surgery involves the surgeon making an incision in the area where the bone is needed. Typically speaking this involves cutting through the patient’s gums and then placing a small piece of bone that will fit perfectly within the missing tooth socket.
Assist Newly Implanted Bone In Healing Faster
During the actual implantation, some bone marrow may be added as necessary. Surgeons must also drill small holes in the recipient target location to facilitate a small amount of bleeding. This bleeding is used to assist newly implanted bone in healing faster and more effectively. Once the implantation process has been completed, the area is stitched up, and the patient is asked to bite down gently on gauze pads. Instructions following this type of surgery usually include requesting that the patient only eats soft foods for the first few days. The patient is also given antibiotics and any painkillers as required.
Overall Dental Situation That Is Unique And Different
Once the bone grafting has had time to heal and grow the patient will then be ready for dental implant surgery. The healing process associated with bone grafting can take anywhere from a few months to over a year. Because each patient’s health condition and the overall dental situation is unique and different; the healing process can vary substantially from individual to individual. Only when a bone graft is completely stable and healed can actual dental implants be safely and securely placed. Attempting to place dental implants prematurely can only result in a failed procedure. That is why it is important to work with an experienced and dedicated team of dental care providers who routinely perform dental implanting and bone grafting.
Bone-Grafting Procedures Have Been Perfected Over The Years
As a note, patients who wish to have their bone used in a bone grafting procedure can request that the bone be sourced from a variety of different parts of the body. Bone grafting material can be sourced from the hip, shin, lower jaw as well as other parts of the body. Most notably, the bones associated with the hip are often used because they have plenty of bone marrow. The bone that has a substantial amount of marrow simply heals faster and performs better. That is not to say that bone derived from animals or bone that is synthetic will not produce favorable results. All of these bone-grafting procedures have been perfected over the years and enjoy a high success rate when preparing a patient for eventual dental implant placement. Talk with your dental care provider to learn more about this innovative and highly reliable type of dental treatment.
What is Sinus lift?
It is important to note that the roots of the molars in the upper jaw are frequently near the air cavity of the maxilla (also called the maxillary sinus). Our Surgeons may need to perform a procedure called a sinus lift. This treats bone height deficiencies in the rear area of the upper jaw. For a stable implant, the lining of the sinus cavity be raised, and bone will be placed to increase the height of the rear jaw before we can place implants. Depending on how much space is needed, this may be done before or at the same time as the implant procedure. A sinus lift may be necessary if:
1- You are missing more than one tooth in the back of your jaw
2- You have significant bone loss in the jaw posterior
3- You have a tooth loss from birth defect
If you have any question or concern about any oral surgery procedures, please contact us at (713) 322-7474. Omega Dental Specialists will provide their patients with everything they need to live better, healthier. The best doctors and the best technology is an important combination. Our office is located at 106 West Gray | Houston, TX 77019